Faire un include avec Symfony2 et Twig

Avec Symfony 1.4, il était possible de faire 2 sortes d’include différents : le partial et le component. La différence était qu’un partial permettait une include assez classique, en revanche le component permettait d’avoir des actions propres.

Sur Symfony2, et avec TWIG, les deux méthodes sont conservées, même si celles-ci ne portent plus les mêmes noms officiels.

Pour faire un include classique sous Symfony2, de type Partial, on utilise la syntaxe suivante :

{% include "MyBundle:Controller:myTemplate.html.twig" %}

Notez que si vous voulez inclure un template présent dans app/ressources/views, vous n’êtes pas dans un Bundle, et n’avez pas de controller attitré, la bonne syntaxe serait alors

{% include "::myTemplate.html.twig" %}

Dans d’autres cas, vous aurez besoin de faire des traitements propres à ces templates, il vous faudrait donc un controller et une action propre à ce template. L’appel de l’inclusion se fait alors d’une autre manière: avec render.

{# dans mon template twig #}
{% render "MyAppMyBundle:myController:myTemplate" %}

{# pour prendre un exemple :#}
{% render "MonsiteDiscussionBundle:Blog:listeDeMesMessages" %}

(A noter une différence avec l’inclusion classique faite avec ‘include’, cela marche en ne mettant pas l’extension de fichier .html.htwig après le nom du template.)

Le controller utilisé est donc :

//MyApp\MyBundle\Controller;

public function listeDeMesMessagesAction()
{
          //mon traitement
          $maVar = 'lorem ipsum';

         return $this->container->get('templating')->renderResponse('MonsiteDiscussionBundle:Blog:listeDeMesMessages.html.twig', array(
           'maVar' => $maVar
        ));
}

Dans votre template TWIG, vous pouvez donc désormais appeler votre variable et en faire ce que vous voulez, comme par exemple l’afficher avec :

{{ maVar }}
A propos de François Deléglise

Attiré par le multimédia depuis de nombreuses années, j'ai découvert le référencement lors d'un stage de fin d'études en IUT GEii (Lyon, 2008), je suis passionné par le SEO depuis cette date. Je suis diplômé en développement Web (licence MIW de Gap, 2010) et en gestion de projet (Master2 Ingémédia, Toulon, 2012).

Depuis la fin de mes études, je travaille avec l'équipe de Wanadev (Lyon) en tant que chef de projet, développeur symfony2 et référenceur.

17 thoughts on “Faire un include avec Symfony2 et Twig

  1. BaddarK says:

    Bonjour,

    Merci pour ce tuto, je fais bien un appel d’action avec :

    {% render « MyAppMyBundle:myController:myTemplate » %}

    L’action est bien appelé, mais en utilisant un

    return $this->container->get(‘templating’)->renderResponse(‘MonsiteDiscussionBundle:Blog:listeDeMesMessages.html.twig’, array(
    ‘maVar’ => $maVar
    ));

    dans le controller, je me retrouves avec une boucle infini (le template se recharge sans jamais s’arrêter).

    De plus, ou utiliser le {{maVar}} ?

    Merci bien.
    Cordialement.

    • François says:

      Bonjour, et veuillez m’excuser pour le temps de réponse, je pense que vous avez depuis trouvé la solution, mais peut être que celà aidera d’autre personnes.

      Dans votre exemple, vous utilisez un render. Voici un exemple très concret de ce que j’ai fait récemment.
      Dans mon template, j’appelle mon render de cette facon :

      {% render « MonAppBundle:monControlleur:leftSide » with {‘user': user} %}
      => j’ai besoin de passer mon user à mon render. Mais si aucun paramètre n’est nécéssaire, on fait de cette facon
      {% render « MonAppBundle:monControlleur:leftSide » %}

      Désormais, dans monControlleur.php, j’ai besoin d’une public function du nom de leftSide

      /**
      * affiche le menu de gauche
      *
      * @Template()
      */
      public function leftSideAction($user) //je récupère mon paramètre donné depuis le template twig
      {
      //je fais mon traitement php (requete, calcul, etc…)

      $maVar = ‘test variable';
      //puis je retourne mes résultats à mon template
      return array(‘maVar’ => $maVar);
      }

      Vous noterez que je ne fais pas de render aussi « complet » que le votre dans return. En effet, si j’ai un template twig du nom de leftSide.html.twig (comme c’est mon cas) dans le repertoire view du bundle,, la correspondance se fera automatiquement.

      Vous pouvez désormais appeler votre variable depuis votre template leftSide.html.twig en faisant simplement : {{ maVar }}, puisque vous l’avez renvoyé dans la public function leftSideAction.

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  2. Cyrille says:

    Bonjour,
    Je dépoussière un peu le sujet ici, car je rencontre une erreur que je n’arrive à résoudre avec mes 2 mois d’xp sur symfony2 ^^

    Dans mon Controller « EvenementController.php »

    public function indexAction($date) {
    ...
    return $response = $this
    ->render( 'myBundle:Evenement:index.html.twig', array("date" => $date) );
    }
    public function evtAction($var1,$var2) {
    $evt = requête SQL...
    return array('evt' => $evt);
    }

    Dans ma vue « /Evenement/index.html.twig »

    {% render(controller("myBundle:Evenement:evtAction",{ 'var1':var1, 'var2':var2 })) %}

    Tout ça me retourne la belle exception suivante :

    An exception has been thrown during the rendering of a template ("Controller "myBundle:Evenement:evtAction" for URI "/_fragment" is not callable.") in myBundle:Evenement:index.html.twig at line 36.

    Si toutefois vous aviez une idée svp… ;-)

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